July 19, 2014

Jude Obuseh

The United States of America’s undisputed status as the global military superpower is a well-established fact, especially after the end of the Cold War and the subsequent emergence of a new global order. The lessons learned from the Vietnam War led to a paradigm shift in the approach to warfare, emphasizing the importance of research, development, and deployment of state-of-the-art military technology to minimize risks to American forces.

Among the technological advancements that have reshaped modern warfare is the rise of Drones, also known as Unmanned Combat Aerial Vehicles (UAVs). Drones have become a game-changer in military engagements, providing a considerable advantage to those who possess and utilize them. These pilotless planes can be remotely controlled or programmed to navigate autonomously, making them highly effective in gathering intelligence and conducting precision strikes.

The U.S, being the leading Drone superpower with a vast arsenal of approximately 7,500 aircraft, has effectively demonstrated the efficacy of this new approach in its military campaigns, such as the Gulf Wars and Afghanistan. By relying on Drones for aerial bombardments before committing ground troops, the U.S has significantly reduced casualties and achieved successful outcomes in conflicts.

However, the proliferation of Drone technology poses serious challenges to global security. As other countries, including Russia, China, Pakistan, India, and Iran, develop their own prototypes, there is a risk of increased armed conflicts and rising casualty rates. The possibility of terrorist groups acquiring Drones is also a concerning prospect, given their potential to exploit the operational advantages of these lethal machines.

In the face of these challenges, policymakers, manufacturers, and international organizations must establish ethical and legal guidelines for the research, production, sale, and deployment of Drones. Ensuring transparency and accountability in the use of this technology is vital to prevent potential misuse and maintain global security.

The U.S has increasingly relied on Drones in its military operations, reflecting its preference for this strategic approach to future wars. As the interest in unmanned systems grows worldwide, it is crucial to establish international agreements and regulations to govern their use in armed conflicts.

For the sake of world peace and security, comprehensive policies must be developed and enforced by international bodies, governments, and NGOs. By carefully navigating the ethical and strategic implications of Drone technology, the international community can work together to ensure a safer and more stable future.

Jude Obuseh,

Founder, Executive Director, CPPBI